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Gramatyka English in use PASSIVE VOICE – STRONA BIERNA

PASSIVE VOICE – STRONA BIERNA

PASSIVE VOICE – STRONA BIERNA

STRONA CZYNNA


STRONA BIERNA
She washes the car every day.

Present simple

The car is washed every day.
She is washing the car now.

Present continuous
The car is being washed now.

She washed the car yesterday.
Past simple
The car was washed yesterday.
She was washing the car when I arrived.
Past continuous
The car was being washed when I arrived.
She has washed the car.
Present perfect
The car has been washed.
After she had washed the car, she went home.
Past perfect
After the car had been washed she went home.
She will wash the car tomorrow.
Future simple
The car will be washed tomorrow.
She would wash the car if she had time.
Conditional
The car would be washed if she had time.
She would have washed the car if you had asked her.

The car would have been washed if you had asked her.
She might have washed the car.
could
must
should

The car might have been washed
could
must
should
She can wash the car.
Can
The car can be washed.
She should wash the car.
Should
The car should be washed.
She must wash the car.
Must
The car must be washed.
She has to wash the car.
Have to
The car has to be washed.
She ought to wash the car.
Ought to
The car ought to be washed.
She needs to wash the car.
Need to
The car needs to be washed.

PRZYIMEK w stronie biernej.

Nobody spoke to me.---------------------I wasn’t spoken to.

They look after the children.------------The children are looked after.

*** BY
Tom painted that picture.
That picture was painted BY Tom.

STRONA BIERNA WYMAGAJĄCA ZMIAN W KONSTRUKCJI ZDANIA

**People know/think/believe/say that he is a spy. (PRESENT /PRESENT)
1) It is known that he is a spy.
thought
believed
said
2) He is known to be a spy.
thought
believed
said

** People said that he was jealous of her. (PAST /PAST)
1) It was said that he was jealous of her.
2) He was said to be jealous of her.

**People think that he was a spy. (PRESENT / PAST)

1) It is thought that he was a spy.
2) He is thought to have been a spy.

People believe that he finished with it.
1) It is believed that he finished with it.
2) He is believed to have finished with it.

***WANT +object +infinitive

He wants someone to take photographs.
He wants photographs to be taken.

*** (agree, decide, arrange itp.)
He decided to sell the house.
He decided that the house should be sold.

They agreed to repair the roof.
They agreed that the roof should be repaired.

***SEE

HEAR sb DO sth

MAKE

We saw them go out.-----------------They were seen to go out.
He made us work.-------------------We were made to work.
***LET sb DO sth***
They let us go.-------------------We were let go.


GERUND COMBINATIONS
( advise, insist, propose, recommend, suggest itp.)

He recommended using bullet-proof glass.
He recommended that bullet-proof glass should be used.

She advised keeping the gate locked.
She advised that the gate should be locked.
Written by :
greg606
 

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jgjgjg , maj 27, 2010

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