Past Perfect Continuous

Jak tworzymy ten czas?

Zdanie twierdzące

Dodajemy had been i czasownik w trzeciej z końcówką -ing

osoba had been czasownik z końcówką -ing reszta
I had been walking for two hours
You had been giving away secrets for a long time.
She had been living in this house for 20 years.
He had been crying all evening.
It had been snowing all day long.
We had been reading sci-fi novels.
You had been listening to music for too long.
They had been driving all night long.

Zdanie przeczące

Dodajemy not pomiędzy had i been

osoba had not been czasownik z końcówką -ing reszta
I had not been walking for two hours
You had not been giving away secrets for a long time.
She had not been living in this house for 20 years.
He had not been crying all evening.
It had not been snowing all day long.
We had not been reading sci-fi novels.
You had not been listening to music for too long.
They had not been driving all night long.

Zdanie pytające

Inwersja had z osobą!

had osoba been czasownik z końcówką -ing reszta
had I been walking for two hours
had you been giving away secrets for a long time.
had she been living in this house for 20 years.
had he been crying all evening.
had it been snowing all day long.
had we been reading sci-fi novels.
had you been listening to music for too long.
had they been driving all night long.

Formy skrócone

had -> ‘d

had not -> hadn’t

Kiedy używamy czasu Past Perfect Continuous?

  1. Gdy mówimy o dłuższych czynnościach lub sytuacjach, które trwały do przeszłego momentu, o którym myślimy lub skończyły się niewiele wcześniej
    At that time she had been living in the barn for about 12 months.
    When I found Lucy, I could see that she had been crying.

w porównaniu do czasu Past Perfect:

  1. Gdy mówimy o bardziej przejściowych wydarzeniach
    My legs were stiff because I had been standing still for a few hours.
  2. Gdy podreślamy kontynuację czynności (Past Perfect podkreśla jej ukończenie)
    She had been reading love stories and her mind was full of romantic images.
    We had read all our newspapers, and were beginning to get bored.